From the moment Walt Disney opened his Disneyland resort in Anaheim, Calif., in July 1955 it was a soaring success. By the 1960s, Disney was looking for a second location to build an even more ambitious theme park that would draw visitors from the length of the populous East Coast. On an airplane tour over Central Florida, Disney set his sights on 27,000 acres (11,000 hectares) of swampland near the sleepy town of Orlando.
In 1965, real estate in this waterlogged stretch of Florida was selling for $180 an acre, roughly $1,300 in 2013 dollars [source: History]. But imagine how much that price would have spiked if Walt Disney, one of the wealthiest and most successful men in the world at the time, came knocking at the door. To avoid a speculative boom in real estate prices, Disney decided to hide his identity by purchasing the land through several trusts.
A land trust is a private legal contract in which the owner of real estate transfers the title of the property to a trustee. The property owner retains all rights to the property ¡ª to build, rent, sell or transfer to heirs ¡ª but has the luxury of remaining anonymous. In Disney’s case, the Florida swampland that would become the multibillion-dollar empire of Walt Disney World was purchased by nameless, faceless trusts [source: Disney Park History].
Land trusts of this type are called “Illinois Land Trusts,” because the first such contracts were drawn up by railroad tycoons, businessmen and politicians in 19th-century Chicago. Some of the early beneficiaries were people wanting to buy up Chicago real estate without jeopardizing their political posts as city aldermen, since they were not allowed to vote on city building projects if they owned any nearby lands [source: Exeter]
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These anonymous land trusts met opposition, but were eventually upheld by the Illinois State Supreme Court. In addition to Illinois, only eight other U.S. states ¡ª Florida, Hawaii, Indiana, North Dakota, Virginia, Arizona
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, California and Ohio ¡ª have legalized this kind of anonymous real estate land trust, whether through legislative statutes or court decisions [source: Murray].
So, how do you create a land trust?
Here are some tips to help you with generating income and planning for the future.
Presented by United Way of Greater Atlanta Powered by SunTrust Foundation
Soap and body wash abound at the store, and without the luxury of trying before you buy, choosing the right body cleanser can be overwhelming. Your skin is your largest organ, and cleaning this barrier between you and your environment is important. But it’s challenging to know which cleanser to use for each body part.
The reason we need soap is simple: to clean. Your grandparents probably had a small selection of bar soaps to choose from, but today, you can clean your body with bar or liquid soap, exfoliate your feet with a scrub and wash your face with a cream cleanser — all during the same shower. Manufacturers are constantly creating new soaps and scrubs that do everything from remove excess oil to treat acne [source: New Zealand Dermatological Society]. The key to finding a body wash or cleanser that’s right for you is to understand their ingredients and what they can do for your skin.
Traditional antibacterial and deodorant bar soaps lift dirt from the skin, but harsh ingredients can cause sensitive or dry skin to itch and flake. To counteract dryness, emollients and humectants can be added to body washes to help the skin retain moisture — soaps with added moisturizers clean skin without stripping it of valuable oils [source: Bruno]
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. Although many bar soaps and some liquid soaps have antibacterial qualities, most liquid body washes aren’t antibacterial — they contain mild synthetic detergents to cleanse the skin without overdrying [source: Draelos]. Read on to learn more about selecting a body wash that will work with your skin’s unique composition.
Planning a budget is one of the best ways to ensure that you make ends meet at all times
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. A major part of your budget plan will be focused on fixed expenses. But what exactly are fixed expenses and how can you best manage them
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? Take this quiz to see if you’ve learned enough to make your budget planning really pay off.
Team CarStuff and the Ohio Valley 700 (Part 1)
A Mystery Show: Autonomous Car Hackers
Nuts and Bolts – Team CarStuff
The Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company (Part 2)
The Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company (Part 1)
The duPont Registry
The Great Danbury State Fair Boat Races
Is Graham the ideal car crash survivor
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The Rise of Food Trucks
Board Track Racing
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It’s tough to find someone who wouldn’t like an exotic supercar. Even if you don’t know much about cars, you’d probably enjoy the envious looks as you cruised down the street ensconced in the coddling cabin inside a futuristic automotive shell. And if you had the chance to open the throttle, to feel those 400-odd horses take off while the car clings to the curves — well, you don’t need to be a car enthusiast to appreciate that.
Now, imagine you could have all that at about half the price of most exotics. You just imagined the Audi R8.
Sure, the R8 still runs you more than $100,000 — but considering that most exotics start at about $200,000, by shelling out $114,000 for the base R8, you’re saving money. Right?
The R8 is the marquee car from German car maker Audi, which has recently been enjoying a successful sales run, even in the recent economic downturn. That’s due in part to the halo effect of the R8
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, a supercar built to showcase the best of what Audi, and its parent company Volkswagen, can do.
VW owns a controlling stake in Audi, and in Lamborghini, the vaunted Italian supercar company
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. By combining Audi’s first-class designs with Lamborghini performance parts, Audi has made the R8 capable of straddling the line between high-priced supercar and luxurious daily driver. In essence, the Audi R8 gets you Lamborghini-like performance at Porsche 911 Turbo prices, plus one of the most admired exterior designs in the industry. When you add in Audi living up to its reputation of building what some consider to be the finest automotive interiors in the world, it’s not surprising that the R8 is quickly becoming the smart car to drool over.
Keep reading to learn the more about the Audi R8 — including its famous Quattro all-wheel drive system and Lamborghini engines.
Technology makes our lives easier and richer
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… except when it becomes overwhelming and confusing. With the transition to digital cable signals over the last decade, we’ve seen a lot of technological changes in the entertainment devices we bring into our homes. Flat-panel TV screens, wireless networks, Blu-ray readers and always-on connectivity have become the standard. But with those advances comes a whole slew of new information as we learn to use our devices to the fullest.
For those of us who never dipped our toes in the equipment one-upmanship that began with hi-fi stereos in the 1970s, it can be a little dizzying. So many people put a premium on the individual components of their audio and video equipment that a simple trip to the store for a TV upgrade can become a nightmare of acronyms, add-ons
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, gold-tipped connectors and a sea of numerical specs.
Flat-panel LCD and LED screens have become the center of every home entertainment system, but it’s the home theater aficionados that have driven technological development. The confusing array of products for sale is satisfying prey for the armchair gadget hunter, but what about the rest of us?
If you just want an easy, no-hassle way to listen to the sounds that accompany your television, there’s the all-in-one home theater setup, which combines surround-sound speakers with a central receiver that you can easily plug into your TV, collapsing all those options into one simple purchase.
?Some years stand out in our minds, stamped into our memories by the dramatic events that unfolded during those 365 days. Maybe for you it’s 1929, the year of the momentous stock market crash that kicked off the Great Depression. Or 1969, when Neil Armstrong became the first person to set foot on the moon. Or 1989
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, when the Berlin Wall finally came tumbling down.
The year 2008 may wind up burning just as brightly in our collective consciousness. We saw the United States elect Barack Obama, the country’s first black president. We witnessed the complete unraveling of the global financial markets
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, and we watched food prices climb so high that eating three meals a day became a luxury that many of us couldn’t afford. It was also the year in which words like “grassoline” seeped into the public lexicon and in which Google continued its bid for general world domination.
At HowStuffWorks, we’re never content to watch history happen. We’re bent on poking around for the reasons behind these big events. So stick with us as we answer the top 10 questions of 2008, and we’ll satisfy our curiosity together.
First up, vaccines and autism.
The 1930-1936 Rolls-Royce 20/25 was the second-generation “small” Rolls-Royce — the direct replacement for the original “20.” Unlike the Phantom I, there was no Springfield equivalent built in the U.S
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As with all such prewar Rolls-Royces, it was offered only as a rolling chassis for coachbuilt bodywork, so a huge variety of styles still exists
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. Beautifully and carefully crafted, the 20/25 was surprisingly slow, even for the period — about 70 mph tops.
A synchromesh gearbox was added for 1932, and a complete centralized chassis lubrication for 1934. This Rolls-Royce was the British at their best, so no excuse needed to buy one.
Pluses of the 1930-1936 Rolls-Royce 20/25:
Minuses of the 1930-1936 Rolls-Royce 20/25:
Production of the 1930-1936 Rolls-Royce 20/25: 3,827
Specifications of the 1930-1936 Rolls-Royce 20/25: Wheelbase, inches: 129.0 Length, inches: average 180.0 Weight, pounds: approx. 3,800 Price, new: NA
Engines for the 1930-1936 Rolls-Royce 20/25:
* Not officially quoted Want more information about classic cars? See:
Freesia (Freesia hybrida) flowers originally came from South Africa. While the season for this luxury flower is January through June, imported freesias are available all year.
The fragrant, single or double, funnel-shaped flowers grow on wiry stems. The more usual colors are white, cream, and yellow, but freesias also come in orange
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, pink, lavender, and purple. Buy them in full bud when the first flower is open. Avoid stems with empty calyxes.
To condition, cut off the ends of the stems with a sharp knife and keep them in water one-third to halfway up the stem. They will last from one to two weeks if they are kept cool and if the withered flowers are carefully removed. A single stem in a bud vase on a desk is a delightful inspiration.
Crossover sport utility vehicles are among the hottest selling vehicles on the market today, and for good reason. They offer the ride height and roominess of a traditional SUV
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, and often have a better ride quality and superior fuel economy.
They’re called crossovers because they’re usually built on car (or car-like) platforms, not truck platforms — think of them as tall station wagons or hatchbacks. These attributes have proved very popular with buyers. Crossovers accounted for nearly a quarter of all vehicle sales in 2010 [source: Koba].
But while crossovers have become sales leaders fairly recently, the vehicles themselves aren’t an entirely novel idea. There’s no truly strict definition of a crossover, so many early two-wheel and four-wheel-drive wagons and SUVs can fit into that category. (For those who want to get technical, nearly all crossovers use unibody construction, while truck-based SUVs are built with body-on-frame construction.)
Arguably, the first crossover goes back to just after World War II when the company that would become Jeep, Willys-Overland Motors, released a vehicle called the Jeepster. The Jeepster was a two-wheel-drive convertible coupe that was designed to appeal to people who might be turned off by the utilitarian qualities of other Jeep vehicles. The car-like vehicle didn’t sell all that well, and was discontinued after three years [source: American Jeepster Club].
Another Jeep that could be considered a crossover was the tough and popular Jeep Wagoneer, which featured a station-wagon body atop a four-wheel-drive Jeep chassis. That car was made for almost 30 years.
Skipping ahead to the 1980s, we can find a more direct precursor to today’s crossover SUVs in the AMC Eagle. Imagine a typical 80s station wagon with huge tires and big ground clearance and you have the Eagle in a nutshell. But it also boasted all-wheel-drive, which allowed the wagon to go anywhere and handle just about any weather [source: AOL Autos]. However, the time just wasn’t right for those kinds of vehicles — yet.
It was the 1990s that made SUVs truly popular in America, with truck-based sport utilities like the Ford Explorer became big sellers. Car-based vehicles like the Toyota RAV4 and the Honda CR-V (both based on compact cars) paved the way for crossovers to become in demand. The Lexus RX300, one of the first luxury crossovers, proved to be a huge success as well.
As time moved forward and gas prices went skyward, the big, truck-based SUVs of the 1990s began to fall out of favor with buyers, many of whom had little use for their supposed off-road abilities but liked their cargo space and ride height. Now, it’s safe to say most SUVs in America are crossovers. Even the brand-new 2011 Ford Explorer, once a traditional SUV mainstay, rides on the same platform as the Ford Taurus sedan.
For more information about crossover SUVs, follow the links on the next page.