Ferrari F40

¡°A little more than a year ago I expressed a wish to my engineers,¡± an 89-year-old Enzo Ferrari said in the summer of 1987. Listening closely to his every word was the automotive media, all having journeyed to Maranello for the introduction of a new model. ¡°Build a car to be the best in the world. And now that car is here.¡±

With that last sentence spoken, a red cover was swept aside, revealing the jaw-dropping Ferrari F40. The car was named to honor the company¡¯s 40th anniversary, and the journalists spontaneously broke into applause, mesmerized by a sensuous shape that screamed speed. A tall rear spoiler dominated the design, which showed a resemblance to the 288 GTO. But otherwise, the form was quite clean.
¡°To put it in perspective,¡± observed Road & Track¡¯s Dennis Simanaitis, ¡°recall how jarring the Testa Rossa first looked. By contrast, the F40 looks immediately right.¡±
That there was a 288 GTO ¡°familiarity¡± was more than happenstance. To compete in Group B rally competition in 1986, Ferrari planned to make 20 GTO Evoluziones, a more-powerful ultralightweight version of the 288. Ferrari built five before the series was canceled, leaving the company the perfect starting point for the Ferrari F40. Ferrari¡¯s engineers needed just over 12 months to radically rework the Evoluzione.
Like the 288 GTO, the Ferrari F40 had a tubular steel chassis but differed in its extensive use of carbon-fiber composites on the floorpan, dashboard, front bulkhead, and other areas. The body was also made of composite materials employed in Ferrari¡¯s Formula 1 program, in this case a Nomex, Kevlar, and carbon-fiber weave.

The twin-turbo 2936cc V-8 was mounted longitudinally, and featured double overhead cams, twin intercoolers, and electronic engine-management systems. Ferrari quoted 478 horsepower, this in a car that tipped the scales at under 3,000 pounds in U.S. trim.
The interior was all business. The sliding windows were plexiglas, the doors and other panels were exposed carbon fiber. Seats were deep buckets, also made of carbon-fiber materials, and there was no carpeting. The only concession to luxury was a much needed air-conditioning system.
¡°We wanted (the F40) to be very fast, sporting in the extreme and spartan,¡± Ferrari¡¯s Giovanni Perfetti told Autocar in 1987. ¡°Customers have been saying our cars were becoming too plush and comfortable. The F40 is for the most enthusiastic of our owners who want nothing but sheer performance.¡±
That¡¯s what the Ferrari F40 delivered. Road & Track tested one in a ¡°World¡¯s Fastest Cars¡± shootout; it hit 100 mph in 8 seconds flat, covered the quarter-mile in 11.8. That was quicker than both the Porsche 959 Deluxe and 959 Sport in the shootout. The test Ferrari topped out at 196 mph.

Customers lined up to purchase the Ferrari F40 at a factory sticker of $470,000, and Ferrari responded. Three years earlier, at the introduction of the 288 GTO, the firm announced how many GTOs it would produce. Prices skyrocketed in the secondary market. The lesson was not lost

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Initially, the company said it would make 400 Ferrari F40s. But 3,000 customers were waving checkbooks, pen in hand

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. Production was increased. It was reported Ferrari planned to stop at 1,000. Production wound up being open ended — the company would build as many as the market would bear. Still, prices were driven up to three times sticker by ¡°investors¡± in the speculator-driven hysteria of the late 1980s.
Values eventually came back to earth, and the speculator frenzy would be but a sidebar to the brilliance of the Ferrari F40 itself. The car developed a devoted following among true enthusiasts. Its legend only grew when Enzo died in 1988, making the Ferrari F40 the final Ferrari introduced under his watch.
Learn about these other great Ferrari Road Cars:

Exercise Before or After Sauna Use?

Sauna, a Finnish word and essential part of Finnish health, is considered a standard rather than a luxury. Primitive saunas dug into a slope on a hill, had a fire pit in the middle. After the industrial revolution the sauna evolved to a small wooden room with heated rocks or used infrared lights to create heat. Sauna use is added to exercise regimes to aid with detoxification. You can exercise before or after sauna use.
The temperature of a dry sauna is about 70 degrees Celsius or 154 degrees Fahrenheit. This forces your body to sweat and increases your heart rate. The energy utilized during a thirty minutes sauna session is approximately the same as running 10 kilometers. After sauna use your body perceives it has just received exercise. This is why you need to consider your fluid intake whether you exercise before or after sauna use.
Water needs to be replaced when exercising. You lose water from sweating and from breathing. Relaxing in a sauna forces your body to sweat

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, causing water and electrolyte loss. Replace fluids by drinking eight to 16 oz. of water after your sauna session. It is not recommended to consume a large meal before sauna or exercise. Your body needs fuel, however a lighter snack is more appropriate. You should also have another snack after exercising and using a sauna. If you use a sauna before exercise your muscles will be very relaxed and you risk injury or becoming dehydrated.
According to Dr. Lawrence Wilson, MD, it is recommended initially to spend no more than 20 minutes in a sauna. After using a sauna successfully a few times, this can be increased up to 40 minutes. You should never use a sauna more than once a day. It is most beneficial to use a sauna first thing in the morning or right before bed. Your exercise can happen either before or after sauna use, but not immediately following.
Use of a sauna after exercise increases endurance. A three week study conducted by the University of Otago, Dunedin

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, New Zealand, discovered after long-distance runners spent 30 minutes in a sauna after exercising their blood volume was increased. This lead to greater endurance for the next work-out session. However, athletes were used for the study, which are already in top physical condition. This should be considered with your exercise regime.

Ferrari 612 Scaglietti

Famed coachbuilder Sergio Scaglietti hadn¡¯t worked with Ferrari in 17 years when the phone call came. ¡°I found out two hours before the presentation the car¡¯s name was [Ferrari 612] Scaglietti,¡± he beamed. ¡°They called me and said to be sure to make it to the introduction of ¡®my car.¡¯ I was flabbergasted.¡±
Ferrari indeed wished to honor the Modena stylist and coachbuilder associated with some of its most beautiful early sports cars. It chose for the purpose the new Ferrari 612 Scaglietti, six to suggest the liters displacement, 12 for its number of cylinders.

Ferrari pitched this, its largest road car ever, as a genuine four-seater rather than a 2+2. The Ferrari 612 Scaglietti’s long-hood, short-deck Pininfarina-styled body with its scalloped sides paid homage to the famous Ferrari 375 MM ¡°Berlinetta Aerodinamica¡± Pininfarina built in 1954 for Roberto Rossellini as a gift to Ingrid Bergman.
The Ferrari 612 Scaglietti¡¯s unveiling at the 2004 North American International Auto Show in Detroit marked two Maranello milestones. It was the first time America was the site of the international launch of a Ferrari model. And it commemorated the 50th anniversary of the arrival of the first Ferrari road car into the United States.
Once the nostalgia and hoopla were satisfied, it became evident the Ferrari 612 Scaglietti also represented a revolution in Ferrari construction through weight savings from its all-aluminum technology. The body was made in the Scaglietti body-construction facility, and it featured a space-frame chassis developed in conjunction with aluminum giant Alcoa.
The chassis was of aluminum extrusions connected by aluminum casts that acted as joints. Sheet aluminum reinforced the structure

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, and special heat treatments made the alloy panels more resistant to deformation.
The 540-horsepower 5748cc V-12 had four valves per cylinder, light alloy construction, and a new exhaust system that reduced back pressure. It was positioned far behind the front axle for superb handling, a placement that dictated the car¡¯s somewhat controversial rearward cabin placement.

This was the first Ferrari with CST (Control for Stability and Traction) as a handling aid. The system, which worked with the antilock and antiskid functions, had Normal and Sport settings, or could be deactivated completely. Buyers could choose a traditional six-speed manual transmission or an updated version of the F1-derived paddle-shift system.
Despite being longer than a Mercedes E-class sedan and weighing 4,100 pounds, the Ferrari 612 Scaglietti was a superb road car, perhaps the best Ferrari grand-tourer ever. Car and Driver in August 2004 compared it with the day¡¯s other premier four-place coupes and picked the Ferrari 612 Scaglietti over the Bentley Continental GT, Mercedes-Benz CL600, and Aston Martin DB9. The Ferrari 612 Scaglietti stormed to 60 mph in 4.3 seconds, needed just 9.5 to hit 100, and clipped the quarter-mile in 12.5. Top speed was 192 mph.
¡°Drive our quartet hard,¡± the magazine said, ¡°¡­ the Ferrari oozes character and dynamic ability to elevate the entire experience beyond its rivals¡­.¡± That was the essence of the Ferrari 612 Scaglietti¡¯s mission — to feel like a classic sports car even with two posti behind the driver.
Though not universally regarded as one of Pininfarina¡¯s best design efforts, the Ferrari 612 Scagliletti was an unqualified commercial success. Deliveries in 2005 alone totaled 864, robust sales by Ferrari standards.
Two new options arrived that year to enhance the 612¡¯s appeal: available two-tone paint schemes in a near-limitless choice of colors and combinations, and a ¡°Handling GTC pack.¡± The latter made for grander and safer high-speed touring with its included CCM brakes. CCM stands for carbon-ceramic material, which virtually eliminated heat buildup and thus fading in hard use, a notable advance on conventional steel brakes.

The package also delivered premium ball-polished modular wheels and, on cars with the F1 sequential gearbox, more aggressive shift programming for improved responsiveness and acceleration.
The Ferrari 612 Scaglietti was further enhanced in 2007 with availability of new ultra-soft leather upholstery by Poltrona Frau — ¡°as seductive to the touch as it is to the eye,¡± said Ferrari. The leather stitching and surface finish were also revised for a more-luxurious look and feel.
At the same time, the Ferrari 612 Scaglietti debuted a new high-tech Bose ¡°infotainment¡± system with home-quality digital 5.1 surround sound. Called the Bose 2 DIN Radio-Navigator, this all-in-one package combined regular and satellite radio with audio/video DVD playback, hands-free cellphone link, and a navigation system whose dashboard screen could display signals from a built-in rearview camera and an onboard TV tuner. (For safety, the last could be used only with the vehicle stopped.)
As the latest in the long line of ¡°deluxe¡± Ferrari 2+2s, the Ferrari 612 Scaglietti was a delightful contradiction: a fast, supremely comfortable long-distance GT that could shame many ¡°pure¡± sports cars on a winding road. Who says you can¡¯t have it all?
Learn about these other great Ferrari Road Cars:
166 MM
250 GT SWB
365 California
Testarossa
212 Inter
400 Superamerica
365 GT 2+2
F40
340 America
250 GTE
365 GTB/4 Daytona
348
375 America
250 GT/L Lusso
365 GTC/4
456 GT
375 MM
330 GT 2+2
512 BBi
F355
250 Europa GT
500 Superfast
400i
F50
250 GT Boano
275 GTB/4
308 GT4
550 and 575
410 Superamerica
275 GTS
308 and 328
360 and F430
250 GT Coupe
Dino 246 GT
Mondial
Enzo
250 GT Spyder California
330 GTC
288 GTO
612 Scaglietti
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